WONDERFUL SOFT ALPACA WOOL
The fibres of the alpaca wool are fine and thin, and textiles made of alpaca wool are therefore extremely soft to the skin.
The secret for the softness is that the fibres are thinner than other wool types.
The fineness of the fibres is measured in microns (thousands of millimetres). Alpaca wool (superfine) is 26-28 microns. A finer quality is baby alpaca wool, which is 22-23 microns. Baby alpaca wool is a quality label for fine alpaca wool.
Most often baby alpaca wool comes from the first sheering of the alpaca (hence the name), where the wool is finer than the subsequent cuts.
Alpaca wool is finest around the spine and partly the chest.
Alpaca wool insulates better than other types of wool.
Alpaca fibres contain small microscopic air bubbles that provide a special insulation capability. This characteristic allows alpaca wool to be woven into fine and thin quality textiles with great thermal properties.
This property is related to the areas in which the alpaca lives. In the heights of the Andes the temperature changes from plus 25 degrees in the day to minus 25 degrees at night - a total of 50 degrees in 24 hours. The insulating properties of the alpaca wool enable the alpaca to survive in these harsh areas.
Most people, who have a wool allergy, react to the content of lanolin in wool.
Lanolin is a material that is part of all natural wool types. But there is one exception: alpaca wool is the only natural wool that does not contain lanolin.
People who suffer from wool allergies can therefore usually use products made of pure alpaca wool without suffering an allergic reaction.
PILLING AND FLUFFING IS MINIMAL
The textile of sheep's wool and most other wool types will fill and fluff.
This is due to the fact that wool fibres have small scales or irregularities on the surface, and when the fabrics are exposed to everyday use, the fibres get hold of each other and stick together. Over time, you may therefore find that they pill and fluff.
However, the fibres of the alpaca wool do not have the same surface with irregularities. They are almost smooth, and therefore alpaca fabrics pills at a minimum.